Photo courtesy of AQUACYCLE
Towards Sustainable Treatment and Reuse of Wastewater in the Mediterranean Region

About the project

Reclaimed municipal wastewater is considered as a valuable non-conventional water resource (NCWR). Unfortunately, a substantial number of wastewater treatment plants installed in the Mediterranean region have proven unsuccessful copies of western-based treatment system concepts. Besides their high operational and maintenance costs, these systems are often unsuited to address the local challenges of wastewater treatment. As a result, treated municipal water is commonly underexploited throughout the region. To address these challenges, AQUACYCLE is set to bring an eco-innovative wastewater treatment technology that will consist of anaerobic digestion, constructed wetlands and solar treatment for the cost-effective treatment of urban wastewater with minimal costs of operation and maximum environmental benefits. 

Key information

Towards Sustainable Treatment and Reuse of Wastewater in the Mediterranean Region
B.4 Environmental protection, climate change adaptation and mitigation
B.4.1 Water efficiency
Greece, Spain, Malta, Lebanon, Tunisia

Financial data

2.8 million
Total budget
2.5 million
EU contribution
Project co-financing


Project in numbers

Technical outputs

Project duration

Start date
End date





Project outputs



What will be improved?

The AQUACYCLE project will change the paradigm of viewing wastewater as an unsafe effluent, to that of an abundant all-year-round resource that has multiple uses. AQUACYCLE addresses this through a system which has a low cost of operation and maintenance as it uses solar panels for energy, produces biogas and fertiliser, and the constructed wetlands will allow biodiversity to thrive and be a tourist attraction. As the novel technology will permit the recovery of valuable substances from the treated effluent, i.e. fertilizer and biogas, AQUACYCLE is set to showcase a prime example in relation to the transition to the circular economy.

Who will benefit?

  • Farmers’ and irrigation associations, tree nurseries, agricultural extensions services, water utilities, municipal authorities and representatives from civil society
  • Ministries responsible for planning, environment, water, agriculture and energy, national research centres, universities and private consultancy firms
  • Regional and international water associations leveraged to bring the derived benefits to the attention of policy-makers and scientists around the Mediterranean region and beyond

Expected achievements

  • 1 Participatory GIS (PGIS) to collect inputs from stakeholders on the reuse potential of treated effluent 
  • 3 demonstration units for municipal wastewater treatment and reuse with a capacity of 5 m3/day - combining anaerobic digestion, constructed wetland and solar treatment - established in Charguia (Tunisia), Al-Fayhaa (Lebanon) and Blanca (Spain) municipalities 
  • 3 local action and investment plans established in Tunisia, Lebanon and Spain targeting a combined reuse potential of 900,000 m³ of treated effluent
  • 3 contractual agreements for the continued operation of the pilot units beyond the project duration
  • 10 showcase and knowledge transfer measures of the new wastewater treatment technology developed 
  • 180 trained persons in the use of the eco-innovative system of wastewater treatment for non-conventional water supply and reuse
  • 1 Mediterranean Wastewater Reuse Community gathering representatives from public authorities, research/educational institutions, international organizations, NGOs and private entities

Project news

25 February 2020
Subscription to AQUACYCLE e-Newsletter

Subscribe now to the newsletter of the AQUACYLE project.


Project news

16 January 2020
AQUACYCLE – My Autobiography – Meeting my extended family in Malta

Having arrived in Malta from the Training event in Rome, I learned that I was brought here to now also meet members of my extended family.


Project news

07 January 2020
AQUACYCLE – My Autobiography – Meeting my family in Rome

I was overjoyed to meet so many of my family members on the occasion of a Training for Lead Beneficiaries event organized over 2 days in Rome.


Project news

07 January 2020
Tunisia: AQUACYCLE project is seeking to hire an agricultural engineer

The deadline for receiving applications is 23 January 2020.


Project news

21 December 2019
AQUACYCLE - My Autobiography - Landed in Thessaloniki

My very first journey took me to Thessaloniki which is considered the cultural capital of Greece for its festivals, events and vibrant cultural life in general.


Project news

22 November 2019
AQUACYCLE - My autobiography

My name is AQUACYCLE and I am looking forward to write-up my autobiography on this online platform over the next 3 years.


Project news

21 November 2019
Job vacancies under the AQUACYCLE project

The Lebanese University, Faculty of Public Health, is seeking to hire four Senior Researchers. The deadline for receiving applications is 30th November 2019, 17:00 (local Lebanese time).