Employing circular economy approach for OFMSW management within the Mediterranean countries

About the project

Hundreds of local open markets are distributed across the Mediterranean region. Local open market waste management, which represents a big challenge for the area, is directly affected by population growth and concentration, urbanization and tourism. For instance, the waste flow rate varies from 3 to 5 and 10 to 12 tons per day in the open markets located in Sfax (Tunisia) and Amman (Jordan), respectively. In view of the large influx of inhabitants expected in urban areas (72% of the population of the Mediterranean region will probably be living in urban areas in 2025), the sustainable management of waste in markets is now a priority. CEOMED aims to reduce municipal waste generation, promote source-separated collection and the optimal exploitation of the organic component by recovering energy and recycling nutrients. Additionally, the project will train local stakeholders, i.e. consumers, sellers, the informal sector of waste collecting, scholars, farmers, technical and administrative staff, to make sure they have the knowledge and skills to contribute to improving waste management. 

Key information

Employing circular economy approach for OFMSW management within the Mediterranean countries
B.4 Environmental protection, climate change adaptation and mitigation
B.4.2 Waste management
Spain, Italy, Greece, Jordan, Tunisia

Financial data

3.1 million
Total budget
2.8 million
EU contribution
Project co-financing


Project in numbers

Technical outputs

Project duration

Start date
End date





Project outputs



What will be improved?

The project will lead to the design of new waste management plans in the cities of Amman and Sfax which focus and address separately the waste produced from fruits and vegetables wholesale markets. Following a circular approach, the organic fraction of waste from markets will be treated by a biological process (anaerobic digestion) using the digestate as a fertilizer in the farms that provide fresh products to the local markets.

Who will benefit?

  • Managers of local markets
  • 500 businesses using the markets daily to buy and sell fresh products
  • 2,500 daily customers 
  • Technical and administrative staff from the municipalities of Amman and Sfax 
  • Local farmers

Expected achievements

  • 1 specific methodology developed for the efficient collection, separation, and exploitation of waste from open-air markets 
  • 2 pilot anaerobic digesters for organic waste valorization installed at fruits/vegetable wholesale markets in Amman and Sfax
  • 750 tons/year as total waste recycling capacity installed 
  • 1,500 tons of biodegradable waste reused as fertilizers
  • 2 new plans for integrated management of waste from open-air markets

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